Malaysia

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Malaysia
(kukka i Asia)
lalayar
vinecikan
Paketu nakukka 《Negaraku instrumental》
Malaysia on the globe (Southeast Asia centered).svg
tulu nakukka Bersekutu Bertambah Mutu (Minalayuan)
Kai
kai nakukka Minalayuan
vecik nakukka Rumazi
sihu
kavusaman Muhammad ke-V
sihuciu Najib bin Abdul Razak
lipuinciu Vigneswaran Sanasee, Pandikar Amin Mulia
GDP
penuljat 9,545,520,000,000 $
kadjunangan
penuljat 330,803 km^2
pana 0.3%
Gini & HDI
Gini (2014) 46.2
HDI (2014) 0.789
caucau
penuljat 31,540,000
zuku Malayu (56%), Han (23%)

a i pasakacedas a navalj aicu a Malaysia (Tulisan Jawi: مليسيا, Ljinautian: 马来西亚, Tamil: மலேஷியா) a ta kukka tua asia.

cinalivatan[remasudj ta vincikan | tinagiljang a remasudj ta vincikan]

pinapungadan (詞源)[remasudj ta vincikan | tinagiljang a remasudj ta vincikan]

LA2-NSRW-1-0148 malaysia.jpg

kemasi tua kai a sanskerit (Sanskrit) a “Malaiur” katua “Malayadvipa,” siniaya aicu a melayu (Melayu) tua kaizuan a gaduan. kasicuayan, pinapungadan aicu a melayu nua rusanpaveliveli a seindiya (India) tua kadjunangan a malay (Malay).[1][2][3][4][5] pasuvulilj a tja siaya tua pinaljavakan nua mamazangiljan a melayu (Melayu) i tua sumatera (Sumatera) kemasi tua kacaviljan a 600 a patje kacaviljan a 1300.[6]

izua ta rusanvenaruvarung tua zukuan a ti djiyudji ’erl (George Earl). i tua “sinansunatj tua vuguvug nua indunisiya katua pasakacedas tua asiya” izua vinecikan nimadju. vinarungan nimadju aza pinapungadan a melayunisiya (Melayunesia) katua indunisiya (Indunesia) tua matjalialiaw a vuguvug nua indunisiya (Indonesia).

kadjunangan (地理)[remasudj ta vincikan | tinagiljang a remasudj ta vincikan]

Beach of Pulau Tioman.JPG

pakata caucau imaza i maljasiya, izua tjelu kuzulj sa itaiday sa pitju puluq a kudrav a caucau, mavan a sikamasan sepatjmuluq sa tjelu i kacawan. au pakata pulingetjan nua kadjunangan nua maljasiya izua tu 329,847km²,[7] mavan a sikamasan unempuluq sa alu i kacawan. aicu pimaza itua tja pasaviri a cetau, mavan ljaicu a kemasi 1° patje 8° a viri a curis a venatj na kacawan (izua kedri a kadjunangan imaza i pasanavalj a 1° a curis a venatj na kacauan), mavan auta kemasi 99° patje 120° a kacedas a curis a semevec na kacawan. aicu a pinaljavakan pimaza itua tja maljasiya mavan a kadjunangan i pasakacedas kata pasakeledep (馬來西亞半島 nua aya). au izua a 南海 i vecekadan, avan sika imaza i pasakaledep a viri nakicaing tua i 泰國, a i pasakacedas nakidjekec tua 汶萊 kata 印尼.[8] au i pasanavalj nakidjekec auta tua 柔佛海峽 kata singapura (新加坡). aza ljavek na maljasiya tja demutan ta 越南[9] kata pilipinas (菲律賓).[10] saka namakeljang ta kadjunangan.  saka namakeljang ta kadjunangan na maljasiya kata kipasusu tua…, izua 玻璃市 a pana kata guluk a pana.



aicu a i Maljaysia liaw a kazatjan a makaljavek, izua kasikasiw a i tjaizaya.pakatua kadjunangan a i kaledep, mavan a 740km a kemasi viri a petje pasanavalj ta Maljaysia, tjaljaqaca a 332km.[11] aicu a  Bantjaran Titiwangesa namasan  vecekad tua aicu drusa ljavek.


aicu a i maljaysia liaw a vuguvug a pinaljavakan, izua penang, langkawi, pangkur a vuguv, pulau ketam katua i pasakacedas a rukicapiljan tua na ta’alja’alja a i Labuan.[12]

i dedet tua vecekadan tua ljinawngan tua ’adav a kinaizuanan nua cawcau, salapelj aravac saka zemulezul uta a kina’adavan, namasan ru’udjalj a kina’adavan. nu i tua sepatjan a ’iljas a patje simulu’ a ’iljasan venali tua kemasi kaledepan a valian, nu talju simulu’ a ’iljasan sa pasa tua va’uan nu cavilj a drusa a ’iljasan venali tua kemasi kacedas a itjaiviri a valian, maretimalji aravac a sivalian nua kaljakina’adavan. ayatua kivalidilidi tua vaung, sika nasemezam a kina’adavan.salapelj aravac, a kinapapamavan nua ’udjalj a ljemeita ta ’iljas izua a 250 pasaliaw.[13]

tjaljakudrakudralan a lanak saka sinanparavac tua nua kunian a paka tua paysu azua i ciljungpu.[14] ’aicu a i pucen mana rukicapiljan a paka tua nata’alja’aljan a saliman.[15] uwi tu liawanga a rukicapiljan tua saliman nua ta’alja’aljan a liningedjelj i pucen,ljakua aicu a i ciljungpu sinan nakunian a rukicapiljan,aya tua azua 國會liningedjelj a pimaza. namasan pazangal uta tua paka tua siubay tua papaveli. a zumanga a kinatjevetjevelj izua ciace (喬治市), sinsan (新山), yapi (亞庇), kucin (古晉), maliwcia (麻六甲市), yipaw (怡保), hulung (芙蓉市), yalusita (亞羅士打) katua ketabaru (哥打峇魯).

Malaysian Armed Forces (Minalayuan: Angkatan Tentera Malaysia (ATM))

  • Malaysian Army (Minalayuan: Tentera Darat Malaysia (TDM))
  • Royal Malaysian Navy (Minalayuan: Tentera Laut Diraja Malaysia (TLDM))
  • Royal Malaysian Air Force (Minalayuan: Tentera Udara Diraja Malaysia (TUDM))
Malaysia

pacunu uta[remasudj ta vincikan | tinagiljang a remasudj ta vincikan]

kasizuan[remasudj ta vincikan | tinagiljang a remasudj ta vincikan]

  1. Govind Chandra Pande. India's Interaction with Southeast Asia: History of Science,Philosophy and Culture in Indian Civilization, Vol. 1, Part 3. Munshiram Manoharlal. 2005: 266. ISBN 978-8187586241.
  2. Lallanji Gopal. The economic life of northern India: c. A.D. 700-1200. Motilal Banarsidass. 2000: 139. ISBN 9788120803022.
  3. D.C. Ahir. A Panorama of Indian Buddhism: Selections from the Maha Bodhi journal, 1892-1992. Sri Satguru Publications. 1995: 612. ISBN 8170304628.
  4. Radhakamal Mukerjee. The culture and art of India. Coronet Books Inc. 1984: 212. ISBN 9788121501149.
  5. Himansu Bhusan Sarkar. Some contributions of India to the ancient civilisation of Indonesia and Malaysia. Calcutta: Punthi Pustak. 1970: 8.
  6. Origins of the Word 'Melayu'. Sabrizain.org. [2010-09-14]. (原始內容存檔於2010-02-22).
  7. CIA. The World Fact Book: Malaysia (頁面存檔備份, 存於網際網路檔案館). Retrieved 2006-12-09.
  8. CIA. The World Fact Book: Malaysia (頁面存檔備份, 存於網際網路檔案館). Retrieved 2006-12-09.
  9. To Reduce Conflicts, Indonesia and Malaysia Should Meet Intensively. Ugm.ac.id. [2010-10-26]. (原始內容存檔於2010-12-25).
  10. The Earthtimes. US donates four gunboats to Philippine border patrol. Earthtimes.org. 2010-08-16 [2010-10-17]. (原始內容存檔於2021-01-20).
  11. Saw, Swee-Hock. The population of Peninsular Malaysia. Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. 2007: 1–2 [2010-11-20]. ISBN 978-981-230-730-9. (原始內容存檔於2021-01-20).
  12. USA International Business Publications. Malaysia Country Study Guide. Washington, D.C.: USA International Business Publications. 2008: 8 second section. ISBN 1433031590.
  13. Saw, Swee-Hock. The population of Peninsular Malaysia. Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. 2007: 1–2 [2010-11-20]. ISBN 978-981-230-730-9. (原始內容存檔於2021-01-20).
  14. Tourism Malaysia Corporate Website. Tourism.gov.my. [2010-10-26]. (原始內容存檔於2011-01-11).
  15. Ho, Chin Siong. Putrajaya—Administrative Centre of Malaysia -Planning Concept and Implementation. 2006 [2010-09-18]. (原始內容存檔於2011-05-11).